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GREAT CONVERSATIONS: THE GENEALOGY OF ESNICITY

December 1997 (Revised, 2010)

(The following segments of this TIMELINE represent the great works of the past. On account of these, you can do greater works. You are the future. Write yourself in.)

PREFACE

The Genealogy of Esnicity is the necessary concept for the development of a national communication system in an ethnically diverse population, such as the United States.

GENESIS AND GENE OF ESNICITY

(Pts. 1-12): Definition, God, Abraham, Moses, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Jesus Christ, Saint Augustine, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Martin Luther, Thomas Hobbes

GENESIS AND GENE OF ESNICITY

(Pts. 13-23): John Locke, David Hume, Thomas Paine, Phillis Wheatley, Thomas Jefferson, G.W.F. Hegel, Sojourner Truth, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx

GENESIS AND GENE OF ESNICITY

(Pts. 24-36): Frederick Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, Dr. Carter G. Woodson, Rosa Lee Parks, John F. Kennedy, W. D. Fard, Elijah Muhammad, Shabazz (Malcolm X, Malcolm Little), Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Dr. Nkosi Ajanaku, Esquire (formerly Isaac Taylor)

1. Esnicity encapsulates the fact that mankind is both ordinary and unique. I mean ordinary in the sense that at birth, man and woman, are both limited by the past (culture and society) of those who raise them in their infancy. These same men and women are endowed from birth with the unlimited capacity to transcend that past culture through the use of mature thought processes.

2. The power of this uniqueness in the Homo sapiens to transcend ordinary life is rooted in Genesis of the Old Testament, the literature that is the foundation for Western civilization. In Genesis 1:26, we find evidence that "man" has the inherent power and the possibility to live in the air, submerge into the sea, and to transform the earth in the following statement: And God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let him have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.’ These intangibles of Esnicity that give the Homo sapiens the power to transcend the past are wrapped up in a bundle of infinities. We call these infinity’s spiritual powers or religious powers. We measured them between two points -- the supreme bundle called God and the possibility for the human to rise to the supreme powers through imagination, faith, hope, redemption, courage, commitment and conviction to thought, ideas, redefinition and new concepts of living and being.

3. The power of the human to transcend the past in order to create a new future is no more greatly evidenced in history than when the power of faith and conviction allowed Abraham (Genesis 22:2, 1500 BC) to transcend the temptations of the past and to offer up his son, Isaac, "for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains. . . .", which God had requested him to do. And upon his obedience to thought, Abraham overcame the emotions of his past and entered into history as the father of many current-day people and nations.

4. This same essence of Esnicity, the ability to communicate with one's self in the present tense, which gives the human the power to overcome the fear and ignorance of the past, can be seen in notable people throughout Western civilization. We can see it in the faith of Moses (1300 BC) when ". . .Moses stretched out his hand over the Red Sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided (Exodus 14:21).

5. Socrates (470-392 BC) was the first philosopher to make a clear distinction between body and soul and to place higher value on the soul. His examination of such moral ideas as "piety" and "courage" represents an important first attempt to arrive at universal definitions of terms. He believed that a person must have knowledge of moral ideas to act morally. At age 70, Socrates was brought to trial and charged with not believing in the gods the state believed in, introducing different new divine powers, and also for corrupting the young. Socrates was convicted and sentenced to death. He could have escaped from prison, but left morally obligated to follow the courts decision, even if it was unjust.

6. Plato (427-347 BC) set the context for a possible solution to human problems in an abstract context of dialogue which frees the Homo sapiens from the practices of the past and opens the gate to the unlimited possibilities of the future. The American concept of the Republic is traceable to Plato in his dialogues (trying) to identify the nature of essence of some philosophically important notion by defining it. "The Euthyphro" revolves around a discussion and debate of the question, "What is piety?" The central question of "The Republic" is "What is justice?"; "The Theaetetus" tries to define knowledge. "The Charmides" is concerned with "moderation", and the "Laches" discusses "valor".

7. Aristotle (384-322 BC) created the contextual and operational system through which the human could take a look at the self (psychology) and understand the self (ethics and morality) through the study of truth of the self (philosophy) with a political system (the state), all within the nature of things (principles and laws and the measurement of thought and logic).

8. Jesus Christ, who in the face of physical torture and death, revealed himself to the ones who had come to persecute him, saying, "I am he, the one you seek (St. John 18:2-5)."

9. Saint Augustine, the African Saint (354-430 AD), raised the literary level in the spiritual area to its highest point in the early Christian church. His beliefs can be divided into three main groups: (1.) God and soul, (2.) sin and grace, and (3.) the church and the sacraments.

10. Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) combined Aristotle's teachings with Christine doctrine. For example, Saint Thomas Aquinas argued that no conflict exists between reason and faith. Philosophy is based on reason, he declared, and theology comes from faith in divine revelation; yet both come from God. According to Thomas, all people desire happiness. . .that God gives grace to help human beings overcome the influence of sin and achieve this communion. . .that governments have a moral responsibility to serve people and to help them to live virtuous lives. . .that governments must not violate what he considered human rights -- life, education, religion, and reproduction. . .and the laws passed by human beings must not contradict divine law.

11. Martin Luther (1483-1546), who in the face of the greatest threat from the Holy Roman Emperor for heresy, would not back down from the truth and his conviction about incorrect practices of the Roman Catholic Church.

12. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) transcended his times. He was influenced by scientific breakthroughs by Galileo and the breakdown in civil order in England (Civil War 1642-1646). As an English philosopher, he raised fundamental and challenging questions about the relationship between thought and the physiological processes on which it is based. He questioned the nature and limitations of political power. All the questions that Hobbes raised are the ones that people still struggle to answer. Hobbes believed "that only matter exists and that everything that happens can be predicted in accordance with exact, scientific laws."

FUTURE AMERICA GREAT CONVERSATIONS: THE GENEALOGY OF ESNICITY

Genesis and Gene of Esnicity (Pts. 13-23)
December 1997
GENESIS AND GENE OF ESNICITY
(Pts. 13-23):John Locke, David Hume, Thomas Paine, Phillis Wheatley, Thomas Jefferson, G.W.F. Hegel, Sojourner Truth, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx

13. JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704) was an English philosopher. His writings have influenced political science and philosophy. Locke's book, "Two Treatises of Government" (1690), strongly influenced Thomas Jefferson in the writing of the Declaration of Independence. Locke's major work was "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding" (1690). It describes his theory on how the mind functions in learning about the world. Locke argued against the doctrine of innate ideas, which stated that ideas were part of the mind at birth and not learned or acquired later from outside sources. Locke claimed that all ideas were placed in the mind by experiences. He declared that there were two kinds of experiences, outer and inner. Outer experience was acquired through the senses of sight, taste, hearing, smell and touch, which provide information about the external world. Inner experience was acquired by thinking about the mental processes involved in sifting these data which furnished information about the mind.

14. DAVID HUME (1711-1776), the Scottish philosopher, was one of the most important figures in the history of philosophy. His thought marks the culmination of empiricism, the British philosophical movements of the 1700s. The empiricists tried to show that all human thought and knowledge is based on the direct experience of the world through the senses. In order to show this, Hume and other empiricists had to analyze the workings of the human mind. Hume distinguished between impressions and ideas. Impressions are made on the mind when we directly experience anything. Ideas do not directly arise from experience, but are formed from previous impressions. For example, one's idea of a table or a triangle is based on previous impressions and experiences of those things. We can form ideas of things we never experienced, but only by combining previous experience in new ways.

15. THOMAS PAINE (1731-1814) was a famous pamphleteer, agitator, and writer on politics and religion. His writings (Common Sense) greatly influenced the political thinking of the leaders of the Revolutionary War in America (1775-1783). "I know not", wrote former President Adams in 1806, "whether any man in the world has had more influence on its inhabitants on affairs for the last thirty years than Thomas Paine".

16. PHILLIS WHEATLEY (1753-1784) as an African slave in the new world of America, wrote poems on various subjects, notably religion and morals. She raised the philosophical, ethical and moral question that put America on a new foundation of the common denominator when she wrote about more worldly issues, as in "To the Right Honorable William, Earl of Dartmouth" (1773). In this poem, Wheatley contrasted her status as a slave with the demand of the American colonies for independence. This poem to an English Earl and the publicity and information that it brought to the English people, forced the moral issue of slavery to the surface for the first time. Subsequently, in 1774, Thomas Jefferson denounced slavery in his "The Rights of British Citizens in Colonial America."

17. THOMAS JEFFERSON, remembered as a great American President and author of the Declaration of Independence, founded the University of Virginia, which he established to create the institution "based on the illimitable freedom of the human mind to explore and to expose every subject susceptible of its contemplation".

18. G.W.F. HEGEL (1770-1831), a German philosopher, argued that in order to understand any aspect of human culture we must retrace and understand its history. Hegel's emphasis on the importance of historical understanding has greatly promoted the development of the historical study of philosophy, art, religion, science and politics. The historical approach to human culture inspired by Hegel eventually spread far beyond the borders of Germany. In his first published book, "Phenomenology of Spirit", (1807), he dealt with the development of "forms" of consciousness. These forms include a rich and bewildering variety of states of mind, views of the world, ethical positions, religious outlooks, types of physical activity and forms of social organizations. Hegel wrote the books, "Science of Logic" (1812-1816) and "Philosophy of Right" (1821).

19. SOJOURNER TRUTH (1797-1883), the orator, was the first African American woman to speak out against slavery. "She traveled widely through New England and the Midwest on speaking tours. Her deep voice, quick wit, and inspiring faith spread her fame. Born a slave and set free in 1828 in New York, she experienced what she regarded as a command from God to preach. Her early speeches were based on the belief that people best show love for God by love and concern for others. . . .In 1864, Sojourner Truth visited President Lincoln in the White House. . . .She tried to persuade the federal government to set aside underdeveloped lands in the west as farms for (African Americans). But her plan won no government support."

20. NAT TURNER (1800-1831), an African American slave and preacher, led the most famous slave revolt in United States history. Turner became known as a forceful preacher who believed that God wanted him to free the slaves. This conviction led to his planning the rebellion.

21. HARRIET TUBMAN (1820-1913) "was an African American whose daring rescues helped hundreds of slaves escape to freedom. She was the most famous leader of the Underground Railroad, which aided slaves fleeing to the free states or to Canada. African Americans called her Moses after the biblical figure that led the Jews from Egypt."

22. FRIEDRICH ENGELS (1820-1895) "was a German social scientist, journalist and professional revolutionary. He is chiefly known for his long and close collaboration with Karl Marx, the founder of revolutionary communism.

FUTURE AMERICA GREAT CONVERSATIONS: THE GENEALOGY OF ESNICITY

Genesis and Gene of Esnicity (Pts. 24-36)
December 1997
(Revised, 2010)
GENESIS AND GENE OF ESNICITY

(Pts. 24-36): Frederick Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, Dr. Carter G. Woodson, Rosa Lee Parks, John F. Kennedy, W. D. Fard, Elijah Muhammad, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabbazz (Malcolm X, Malcolm Little) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Dr. Nkosi Ajanaku (formerly Isaac Taylor)

24. FREDERICK DOUGLAS (1818-1895), born a slave, "was the leading spokesman of the African Americans in the 1800s. . . ." In 1841, at a meeting of the Massachusetts Antislavery Society, Douglas told what freedom meant to him. The Society was so impressed with his speech that it hired him to lecture about his experiences as a slave. . . . In Rochester, New York "his home was a station on the Underground Railroad, the widespread system which helped runaway slaves reach freedom. . . ." He discussed the problems of slavery with President Abraham Lincoln several times. . . .He wrote two expanded versions of his autobiography, "My bondage and My Freedom (1855) and "Life and Times of Frederick Douglas (1881).

25. ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809-1865) "was one of the truly great men of all time. . . ." Lincoln helped end institutional slavery in the nation and helped keep the American Union from splitting apart during the war, (1861-65). He also kept Thomas Jefferson's creed alive in the Gettysburg address: "Four score and seven years ago our forefathers brought forth a new nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." Lincoln thus believed that he proved to the world that democracy can be a lasting form of government. "During the American Civil War, he showed a nobility of character that had worldwide appeal." By preserving the Union, Lincoln influenced the course of world history.

26. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON (1856-1915) was the most influential African American leader and educator of his time in the United States. . . .Washington advised two presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft on racial problems and policies. . . .Washington described his rise from slavery to national prominence as an educator in his best selling autobiography "Up From Slavery."

27. W.E.B.Du BOIS (1868-1963) "was one of the most important leaders of African American protest in the United States. During the first half of the 1900s, he became the leading African American opponent of racism and discrimination. He also won fame as a historian and sociologist. Du Bois was probably the first African American to express the idea of Pan Africanism. Pan Africanism is the belief that all people of African descent have common interest and that they should work together to conquer prejudice. In 1900, Du Bois predicted that humanity's chief problem of the new century would be the "color line" . . . .He attended the First Pan African Conference in London in 1900. He founded the Niagara movement in 1905. In 1909, he helped found the NAACP. Later, he came to regard communism as the solution to the problem of African Americans in the United States. In 1961, Du Bois joined the Communist Party and moved to Ghana, Africa."

28. MARCUS GARVEY (1887-1940) was an African American leader who started a "Back to Africa" movement in the United States. Garvey believed that African Americans would never receive justice in countries where most of the people were European Americans. He preached that African Americans should consider Africa their homeland and that they should settle there. Garvey was born in Jamaica. He began his movement there in 1914 and brought it to the United States in 1916 when he moved to New York City. In the early 1920s, Garvey had an estimated two million followers, chiefly poor African Americans. He used the profits from the many African American businesses to finance the movement. He died in London in 1940.

29. DR. CARTER G. WOODSON (1875-1950) is widely regarded as the leading writer on African American history of his time. His book, "The Mis-Education of the Negro" 1933, gives us a historical starting point in traditional American education and its relevance to the proper development of the mind of the African American child. With these common frames of reference, educators could start the original thinking process and create a relevant education for the whole African/African American Family and their ethnic associates. Dr. Woodson was born in New Canton, Va. His parents were former slaves. He received a Ph.D degree in history from Harvard University.

30. ROSA LEE PARKS (1913-2005) is an African American woman "who refused to give up her seat to a European American passenger on a bus in Montgomery, Ala. Her refusal, which occurred in 1955, helped bring about the civil rights movement in the United States.

31. JOHN F. KENNEDY (1917-1963) "was the youngest president to be elected and die in office." In his inaugural address, President Kennedy declared that "a new generation of Americans had taken over the leadership of the country." He said that Americans would pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, and oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. He told Americans to `ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country'. This latter statement opened up "New Frontiers" for every person in the United States. For the first time in American history, the floodgates opened for individual participation in individual and national greatness -- the cornerstone of Thomas Jefferson's statement on the chiefly power of the human being in government.

32. W.D. FARD (Wali Farad) was the founder of the Nation of Islam in Detroit in 1930. A silk salesman, he taught his followers that their true religion was not Christianity, but Islam, the "religion of the black man" of Asia and Africa. Fard stressed "knowledge of self" as a requirement for achieving "black" liberation. He established Temple of Islam No. 1 in Detroit.

33. ELIJAH MUHAMMAD (1897-1975) was born in Sandersville, Ga. Muhammad's name was Elijah Poole. In Detroit, Mich., in the 1930s, he met W.D. Fard and became the chief proponent of Islam and the teaching of "self knowledge" as a requirement for African American liberation.

34. EL-HAJJ MALIK El-SHABBAZZ (Malcolm X, Malcolm Little) (1924-1963) became the chief spokesman for the Nation of Islam and was the single force to reach through the tough walls of slavery.

35. DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. (1929-1968) was born in Atlanta, Ga. He took on the Civil Rights Movement in 1955, which led to his historic speech of 1963. He had an epiphany in ethnicity, which was manifested in these words he used supporting Jefferson, Lincoln and the American creed: "These truths are self-evident that all men are created equal. . .and that. . .I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they (each) will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their (each) character. . . .This is our hope. This is our faith."

36. DR. NKOSI AJANAKU (formerly Isaac Taylor) (1935-) was penetrated by SHABBAZZ's personal recognition of the truth about himself and by the dream of Dr. King. This penetration set off a movement of liberation grounded in Esnicity and the human mind's internal capacity to produce thought, imagination, ideas, concepts, plans and pros.